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A Picture Says a Thousand Words

March 21, 2015 Leave a comment
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The Black Founders of Chinese Civilization

August 12, 2014 1 comment

At its earliest epoch, Blacks lived and ruled in southern China. French anthropoligist H. Invert wrote in “Les Negritos Dr la Chine: “The Negroid races peopled at some time all of the south of India, Indo-China and China. The South of Indo-China actually has now pure Negritos as the Semangs, and mixed as the Malays and the Sakais…” 

In the earliest Chinese documented history, it speaks of diminutive blacks living in southwest China, and having black and oily skin. Chinese historians called them “black dwarfs.

The founders of the Xia (c. 2205-1766 B.C.E.) and Shang (c.1700-1050 B.C.E.) Dynasties were black.  According to Prof. Shun-Sheng Ling, the founders of these two dynasties came from Africa via Iran. 

Genetic studies show that the first modern human arrived in China about 60,000 years ago, migrating from Africa.

 In 2005, DNA testing conducted by Chinese geneticist Jin Li proved that the first inhabitants of China were black Africans. After collecting more than 12,000 DNA samples from 165 different ethnic groups, Li and his team of scientists concluded that modern humans descended from East Africa.  Li added “We did not see even one single individual that could be considered of the no no erectus in China, rather everybody was a descendant of our ancestors from Africa.”

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Black Presence of Ancient Britain: an Addendum

August 11, 2014 Leave a comment

I would like to thank the readers of the material on this site. While searching the Internet, I have found various forums in which readers have posted material from the site to dispute opinions and theories place by people with counter views. I do not choose to respond to anyone on open forums, as I view it as counter-productive and a waste of time. 

The material that I post is well-documented, as I spend time researching material before I write. I purposefully try to use documents, whenever possible, written by white historians about my subject matter. Not because I trust their research more than my fellow Black sources, but because there are always white people who choose to try to discredit anything that a Black historian says that is contrary to what they have learned or believe.

 With that being said, I would like to use a few quotes from white historians to augment my article about Blacks in Ancient Britain, and please feel free to post them when being confronted by ignorance on the Internet.

Gerald Massey, a British archaeologist, wrote in his book “Book of the Beginnings, Volume one” about the evidence of Blacks in ancient Britain. He firmly believed that Stonhenge was built by Blacks. Massey carefully dissected the language, religion and customs of the Celts and concluded that they had an Egyptian origin.

Roman historian Tacitus was clear in his description of the Silures, calling their complexion “swarthy” and hair unusually “curly.” 

Sir Godfrey Higgins, in his book Anacalypsis, Vol. I stated that he believed that “The Buddhist Negroes were the first colonists of Britain.” In addition, Higgins writes “A great nation called the Celtae, of whom the Druids were the priests, spread themselves almost over the Earth and are to be traced in their gigantic monuments from India to the extremity of Britain. Who can these have been but the early individuals of the Black nation…”

Pliny described the Silures as “short stature with skin as dark as an Ethiopians.”

David MacRitchie wrote extensively about the presence of Blacks in Early Britain in his book, Ancient and Modern Britons. 

People who refuse to accept the truth are usually the ones with the most to lose.

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The Pelasgians: The Black Original inhabitants of Ancient Greece


Ancient Greece is without question the beginning of Western Civilization, but the first civilization in Grecian history was the Pelasgians. The Pelasgian civilization sprung its roots around 2500 BC., but who were the Pelasgians and where did they come from? Before we address this issue, we must first go back to the beginning. The oldest race of mankind is the Hamitic, or Black race. The Hamitic people were civilization builders. They spread out into every culture of the world. When you look at the most remote civilizations of Asia and Europe, you will find that these Hamites, or Blacks, at the epoch. They were the founders of civilization in Europe. Blacks branched out from North Africa and spread across the Mediterranean and southern Europe, and then left its mark on the entire European continent.

The Pelasgians were undoubtedly members of this Hamitic race. Five of the main Greek city-states were said to be founded by descendants of Ham: Corinth (Phoenicians); Thebes (Cadmus from Phoenicia); Laconia (i.e. Sparta and Lacedemonia) by Lelex, an Egyptian; Athens by Cecrops of Egypt; and Argos was founded by the Phoenician Inachus. The Greeks own mythology states that these cities were founded by Hamites. According to Plutarch, the Pelasgians founded Athens, which equates the Pelasgians as colonizers from Egypt. The Pelasgians were made of of various tribes including the Carians, Leleges, Cadmeans, and the Garamantes.

The Pelasgians chief centers were Crete, Argos, Laconia and Attica. The Mycenaean Bronze-age culture belonged to the Pelasgians.

As previously noted, the Greek city-states were founded and developed by maritime colonizers from Phoenicia and Egypt. The Egyptians and Phoenicians were descendants of Kush. The land of Kush was the land presently known as the Sudan. The Greeks called it Aethiopia, meaning “land of the burned faces.” The Egyptians called it Nubia. The Phoenicians were great cultural diffusionists, who spread Egyptian culture to Greece and Rome.

The Pelasgians were described as dolichocephalic (long-headed) people who were short, black, dark haired, and dark eyed. (Celtic Myth and Legend by Charles Squire. London: The Gresham Publishing Company, LTD, 1905, pp 19-20.) Dolichocephalicism is a characteristic of the Black race. They spoke a non-Indo-European language. Herodotus confirmed that it was not Greek. They are identified as a “pre-Greek”, “pre-Hellenic” people. The Pelasgians were also described as “highly intellectual, receptive, active and simple people, chiefly occupied with agriculture; war like when necessary, though preferring peace. We are told that they built canals, subterranean water-works, dams, and walls of astounding strength and most excellent construction.” (Five Years of Theosophy Edited by George Robert Stow Mead. London: Reeves and Turner, 1885, pg. 417) The deities of the Pelasgians were predominately the same as the Egyptians. (Primitive History, from the Creation to Cadmus by William Williams. J. Seagrave, 1789, pg. 344) They were a matrilineal society and worshipped female deities.

The Pelasgians were eventually subjugated by the Hellenes, and later, assimilated into the Indo-European Hellenic population. But when we speak of Greece as the origin of western civilization, let us not forget that it was the Pelasgians, the black people who were the original inhabitants, who were the bearers of civilization in that area.

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Unenlightened

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Unenlightened


History records the Age of Reason, or The Enlightenment, during the time period of 1685-1815.  The American and French Revolutions were heavily influenced by the thoughts that were developed during The Enlightenment.   Though it was billed as the Age of Reason, European thinkers built wild theories about the inferiority of Blacks, which were used to justify the denial of Black civil liberties.  European thinkers created racist ideologist as a way to justify the slave trade and colonialism.  Yet how could people who espoused such great ideas regarding liberty and limitations of government power be in support of limiting the freedoms of the African? It is important to understand the times in which these Enlightenment thinkers were developing these ideas.

Europe before the Enlightenment period saw a growth of powerful monarchs who ruled with absolute power, and the rise of tightly-centralized national governments.  Due to a rise in violent wars due to the Reformation, people were willing to have local autonomy taken away in exchange for peace and safety.    Much of Enlightenment thought focused on man and his relationship with society.  At the same time as the Enlightenment, slavery was at its height.  Many Enlightenment thinkers wrote from a Eurocentric view, which analyzed society with a supposition that non-whites were clearly inferior to whites. 

Voltaire

Francois-Marie d’Arouet, better known as Voltaire, believed that Africans were a sub-human group.  He believed “Nature has annexed to this principle these different degrees of genius, and the characters of nations that are so rarely seen to change.  It is for this reason that Negroes are slaves of other men.  They are bought on Africa’s coasts like beasts, and the multitudes of these blacks, transplanted to our American colonies, serves a very small number of Europeans. (Essay on Universal History, 2:335)  Voltaire accepted that a slave ship be named after him, and he speculated and profited in the slave trade. (Constitutional Sentiments by Andras Sajo. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011, pg. 160).  His friend Rene Montaudion, a rich merchant from Nantes, named one of his slave ships after him. Voltaire believed Africans were naturally inferior, which justified them being slaves.  He believed in the superiority of the White race.

Voltaire also said about Blacks: “Their round eyes, their flat nose, their lips which are always thick, their differently shaped ears, the wool on their head, the measure even of their intelligence establishes between them and other species of men prodigious differences.  If their understanding is not of a different nature from ours, it is at least greatly inferior.  They are not capable of any great application of ideas, and seemed formed neither in the advantages nor the abuses of our philosophy.”

David Hume

David Hume (1711-1776) was a Scottish philosopher, historian and economist, who is recognized as a precursor of contemporary cognitive science.  He was a close friend of Adam Smith, and his essays on money and International Trade heavily influenced Smith.  Hume also had a strong influence on philosophers Charles Darwin, Immanuel Kant, and Thomas Henry Huxley.  Hume was a harsh critic of religion and metaphysics. 

Hume was a racist who believed that dark skin color was linked to moral and mental inferiority.  Hume’s attitude toward the Black race can neatly be summed up in this quote: “I am apt to suspect the negroes and in general all other species of men, to be naturally inferior to the whites.  There never was a civilized nation of any complexion than white nor even any individual eminent in action of speculation.  No ingenious manufacturer among them, no arts, no sciences.  There are Negro slaves dispersed all over Europe of which none ever displayed any symptoms of ingenuity. (David Hume, Essays, Moral and Political 1742)

Hume subscribed to the pseudo-scientific racism that was prevalent in his time.  In his work, Of National Character, Hume  expressed the belief that there was never a civilized nation of any other complexion than white. (David Hume, footnote to ‘Of National Character’ (1748), in The Philosophical Works of David Hume, Volume III, Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 1996, pg 228.)  Hume even compared Black Africans to parrots, in that they could only achieve very low level accomplishments.  Hume’s remarks were used to support slavery.  He was a Eurocentric thinker who could not grasp the thought that Blacks could ever achieve any high level of civilization.

Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant had this to say about Blacks: “The Negroes of Africa have received from nature no intelligence that rises above the foolish.  Hume invites anyone to quote a single example of a Negro who has exhibited talents.  He asserts that among the hundred thousands of blacks who have been seduced away from their own countries, although very many of them have been set free, yet not a single one has ever been found that has performed anything great whether in art or science or in any other laudable subject; but among whites, people constantly rise up from the lowest rabble and acquire esteem through their superior gifts.”

Kant believed that Africans were incapable of any form of education other than learning how to be a slave.  He divided humankind into four races: Hunnic, White, Hindu and Negro.  Kant believed that the “Negro” was the lowest of all races, and that the white race was the greatest perfection of humanity.  He viewed Blacks as primitive and barbarian, possessing inferior cognitive ability.  Later, Kant condemned European colonialism and chattel slavery.

Montesquieu

Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755) was a French philosopher.  Born to a wealthy family, but after the death of his mother when he was just seven, Montesquieu was placed into the custody of a poor family as a child. 

Montesquieu believed that slavery was not good for the slave owner or the slave.  He supported slavery, and believed that if there were a group fit for slavery, it would be the Black race.  He believed that climate had an effect on race.  He believed that people were more vigorous in cold climates, and that cold climate makes people more courage, and a greater sense of superiority.  People in warm climates however, were more timid, afraid, and in a state of total incapacity. He believed that warmer temperature made people lazy, and thus he believed that slavery would be justified there in order to get them to work.  In addition, Montesquieu commented that because Africans were “black from head to toe, and they have such flat noses that it is impossible to feel sorry for them.  One cannot get into one’s mind that God, who is a very wise being, should have put a soul, above all a good soul, in a body that was entirely black.” (Montesquieu: The Spirit of the Laws, pg. 250)

Montesquieu wrote in 1748: “It is impossible for us to suppose these creatures to be men, because, allowing them to be men, a suspicious would follow that we ourselves are not Christian.”  Yet, while reaching this conclusion, Montsquieu also concluded, in regards to colonial slavery, that “Weak minds exaggerate too much the injustice done to Africans” (Montesquieu, “Spirit of the Laws” pg 204)  Montesquieu even questioned whether blacks had a soul. (The Limits of Ethics in International Relations: Natural Law, Natural Rights, and natural rights in Transition by David Boucher. London: Oxford University Press, 2009)

Montesquieu believed in, and supported the rights of property holder, even when the property that was held were slaves.

Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes believed that human nature was greedy and warlike.  Thomas Hobbes theorized that the Native Americans were primitive and where incapable of development.   Hobbes believed in the inferiority of Blacks.  Hobbes believed that slaves should not complain about slavery since were provided with security and sustenance in for labor and being governed.  He considered slavery a part of the world’s system of subordination and authority. (Slavery and Servitude in Colonial North America: A Short History by Kenneth Morgan. New York: NYU Press, 2001, pg. 32) Hobbes saw slavery as a necessary element of society. 

John Locke

John Locke(1632-1704), whose theory of natural rights helped to define the principles of modern democracy, invested in the slave trade. While he wrote that slavery is vile, he held stock in the Royal Africa Company. It is difficult to marry the concept of the duality of his ideas. Locke theorized in Two Treatises of Government, that the right to govern came from the consent of the people to be governed. The irony in Locke’s stance on slavery is that he believed that if a government ruled absolutely and arbitrarily, it forfeited its subjects’ loyalty. Yet he had no problem with slave owners doing the same to the slave, yet the slave had no right to be governed. It can be understood then that Locke’s position only makes sense if he did not see the African as people, but merely as property.   Locke believed in in the natural liberty of human beings, yet was an integral part of the drafting of the Fundamental Constitutions of the Carolinas, which was the Constitutions of North and South Carolina. These two states openly embraced slavery in their Constitutions, which granted absolute power over slaves. Therefore, Locke believed that slavery excluded slaves from the natural right to withdraw their consent when governed in an unjust manner. If governments are created to protect the natural rights of the people, why wouldn’t governments protect the African slave? Obviously, it was because the governments did not recognize the slave among “the people.”

Locke taught that everyone had a right to life, liberty, and property but was in support of denying those same rights to Blacks.

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) was opposed to slavery, but like his contemporaries, he was a white supremacist.  He believed that Blacks were naturally mentally inferior to Whites. Yet Rousseau was against slavery. It was Rousseau who observed that people are born free and yet in chains everywhere. He believed in the ideals of democracy, and in his view, no man had the right to enslave another. He did not embrace the idea that military might gave man the right to justify slavery.

 The Age of the Enlightenment is considered a time when social philosophers used reason to revolutionize human thought. Enlightenment thinkers embraced the concept of natural rights, yet believed that Blacks were inferior, two concepts that are difficult to marry. If intellect and social behavior are associated with physiognomy, or physical appearance, then it is easy to assume “the white man’s burden” to govern and control those who are deemed inferior. The idea of natural rights then would not apply to those who are labeled inferior. This is how slavery, racism and colonialism were able to coincide with the growth of Enlightenment thought.

Give Me Liberty

April 30, 2014 Leave a comment
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